STEM Repository

Jan 18, 2021

MLK: The Hype is Real

Martin Luther King Jr. was a prolific icon in the Civil Rights movement. His fame and influence can be attributed to his non-violent activism during the 1960s, and his famous speech, “I Have a Dream” has been deemed a monumental piece of American history.  “MLK” (his famed acronym) was an intelligent and caring man. He was college-educated from Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, and a Christian pastor and minister in the South. His speeches and writings are often admired because of his brilliant use of rhetoric. King crafts each of his works with an undeniable sense of power and an obvious possession of patience. He takes his time and develops his points thoroughly, building himself with credibility in each paragraph. Through his well-structured prose, he embodies integrity and truth, and by his ongoing use of ethos, pathos, and logos he delivers persuasive testimony. 

Martin Luther King Jr. was a devout Baptist Christian from the South. He was a leader in the church, a well-known peaceful figure in the movement against racial inequality, and was in Birmingham, Alabama to attempt to gain momentum with the church and government. Birmingham was one of the most racially tense and bigoted locations in the South, and King was there to combat segregation and the unfair treatment of black people. In his “Letter From Birmingham Jail,” MLK is writing to his “fellow clergymen” – bishops, ministers, pastors, church folk – who are unhappy with the actions he has taken while there. 

Because King was in jail while he wrote this letter, he had time, and he was able to discuss his position in detail and with much thought.  He testifies the defense of his actions and clarifies the ethical psychology behind the decisions that led up to his imprisonment. He describes exactly why he deemed it necessary to increase the pressure on the leadership in Birmingham, “just as Socrates felt that is was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from bondage…so we create the kind of tension that will help men to rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism.” MLK references Socrates, the Greek moral philosopher who was responsible for the first Western tradition of ethical thought. King returns to this comparison between himself and Socrates multiple times. King repeatedly references Socrates as a rhetorical device that reminds his audience that indeed his methodology is based on ethical morality (ethos). King questions his critics who have judged his actions in Birmingham saying, “Isn’t this like condemning Socrates because of his unswerving commitment to truth…?” Through King’s use of ethos, he compares his own actions to the methods of his predecessors to gain ethical credibility. King furthers his counter-argument and explains his choice to disobey the law. He proves that “…to a degree, freedom is a reality because Socrates practiced civil disobedience.” King will reference many more historical influences in his letter, like Jesus, and it becomes clear that he leans on his great knowledge of history to make a very persuasive argument in his favor. King makes it clear that there should be no question if he is a law-abiding citizen, even though he was a proud denier of unjust law and oppression, and to not confuse those two issues. Through ethos, he develops a counter-argument regarding his choice to disobey the law in Birmingham. 

King goes on to appeal to the pathos or the emotions of his audience. He elaborates on his responsibilities as a family man, and several times references his own family in his Letter. He elaborates on how racism has impacted his mother, father, wife, daughter, and son. King goes into personal, heart-tugging detail and describes himself as a dad who has to explain racism and segregation with his young children. He tells his critics that he must concoct a story when his five-year-old son turns to him and asks, “Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?” He describes what it is like to see “hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill” his black brothers and sisters with no impunity. “…When you are harried by day and haunted by night by the fact that you are a Negro, living constantly at tiptoe stance, never quite knowing what to expect next.” King expertly reaches for an emotional reaction in response to the terrible conditions of being black in America. To be black is an experience unique to those with darker colored skin: if you know, you know. He not only describes physical harassment, but King also explains how he is lied to and consistently disappointed by those white men in power “that say one thing and do another.” He carefully depicts a negotiation that took place with the merchants in Birmingham, when King first arrived, where they agreed to take down their racist signage on their stores, but failed to keep their word. A betrayal that King took personally. He says,  “…when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of “nobodiness”– then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait.” King had grown disheartened by this continual oppression and speaks frankly about the pain he has endured from white people. He uses pathos to testify in painstaking detail, his decision to escalate the movement in Birmingham.

Finally, King also uses logos (logic) to further explain and justify his recent actions in Birmingham.  Because he was a Christian leader and an ordained pastor and minister, it is logically intuitive for King to reference the Christian religion and Jesus Christ in his argument. As he entertains the criticism that he is an “extremist,” he asserts, “ was not Jesus an extremist in love… was not Paul an extremist for the gospel of Jesus Christ?” He denounces the unfair criticisms he has received by comparing his actions to those prolific Christian figures because, like Paul and Jesus, he is doing the work of God. “…Jesus Christ was an extremist for love, truth, and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment. Perhaps the South, the nation, and the world are in dire need of creative extremists.” His argument is a passionate one based on religion, and because his audience are people of the church, it is also a logical one. King knows that citing the Christian religion with specific examples of Jesus and his Disciples will be a significant form of persuasion. He asks the clergy accusing him of wrongdoing, “isn’t this like condemning Jesus because of his unique God-consciousness and never-ceasing devotion to God’s will?” King rejects the complacency of those that have grown used to segregation, oppression, and racism towards black people in the name of Jesus. 

In conclusion, there is no doubt that Martin Luther King Jr. was a very calculated writer and speaker. He was a highly intelligent and influential man who was able to defend himself and his actions at length. In response to his critics, Martin Luther King Jr. flexes his intellectual depth and sophisticated use of rhetoric. He thoroughly testifies about the events that led up to his imprisonment and slowly but surely he gains credibility. Through the clever use of ethos, pathos, and logos, he becomes a thought leader like Socrates, a loving father and a pillar in his family, and finally, a man that desires to be like Jesus Christ. In his “Letter From Birmingham Jail,” King makes it clear why he is revered as an extraordinary figure in the Civil Rights movement. 

/** References

King, Jr., Martin Luther (July 24, 2014). “Letter from a Birmingham Jail, 1963 draft”. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. Retrieved October 01, 2020.

Aug 17, 2020

The Intersection of COVID-19 and Chemistry

“How can we cope with the fear, if we cannot overcome the causes of the fear? In [our] society, handling fear and insecurity becomes an essential cultural qualification.”   -Ulrich Beck

Pre-COVID-2020 began in odd circumstances from the start. I was in Los Angeles traveling alone, I could’ve been anywhere though, wandering through my thoughts and the streets, taking hiatus from my rigid and admittedly dull schedule. I had many day dreams about my future and what the next decade could bring, several reflections of my actions in the past year, and even a few remaining question marks for clarity. But mostly I felt insignificant. However, I anticipated that 2020 would be a big year for me. It would determine if my investments in 2019 paid off (I had made a lot of internal changes), and give me a roadmap of what to expect in the coming years.

In my notes app [which from reading the entries seems to be my stand-in therapist], I told myself to stay focused no matter what. Bravery is not my issue. Sure, I fear failure too but I am more susceptible to wounds by distraction and mismanagement of my priorities.

By March 2020 when COVID-19 swept the world as a global pandemic, I already had a shortlist of exciting experiences since the new year turned over: my team and I won several awards at work, I was trying to survive calculus in night school, and my romantic life was in shambles. So at the beginning, the pandemic seemed like just another slot on the calendar. However, over the next few months, my minimization of the virus lifted in three stages. The first stage was my participation in, and absorbance of, an extreme amount of COVID-19 related information, followed by the second stage, which was the evaluation and theoretical comprehension of the science behind the virus and vaccines, and the third [my personal favorite stage] was the acknowledgement of the critical negligence of science taking place in people and government. 

Since I work in technology, I was able to transition into a remote first environment fairly easily. [Gratefully], I already had an office set up in my home and my job wasn’t affected, in fact, we were all working more. In terms of school, my calculus class was shifted online from campus which was a little rough [admittedly] but I praise the professor for taking the leap. It wasn’t offered online previously so there were no videos or structured learning modules, our classes were live streamed on a whiteboard. 

The combination of spending more time working [something like “open eyes, open computer -> close computer, close eyes”], the new online environment for calculus, and not being able to leave the house unless it was for groceries felt uncomfortable. My screen time was way up and I felt highly distracted by the constant rush of pandemic information in the media. There was always another COVID-19 update, another graph, a new interactive app, another data set to scrutinize. 

Because I am a visual learner, and mildly obsessed with data visualization, evaluating the data of the pandemic became habitual and eventually unhealthy. Data representation in the form of graphical analysis and data analytics is so important to visual learners like myself. It is critical to be able to observe, analyze, and make conclusions from data at a glance. Visual reinforcement helps us understand the relationships, trends, patterns, and important data points. 

I have noticed that when I read, unless I consciously tell myself to read every word [slowly] my brain tries to process text like an image, my eyes jump around attempting to absorb the characters rather than coherently string them into a sentence. Not sure if this is dyslexia, a form of laziness, or trained behavior from my years as a designer. My brain can interpret more information faster when viewing a graphical representation. It gives data more value. 

So luckily in April, General Chemistry II began and I was able to create several graphs based on the learning material. In the Determination of a Weak Acid’s Ionization Constant by Titrimetry lab, we needed to determine values from our graph that couldn’t be calculated otherwise. Graphical analysis of the titration data for the neutralization of the weak acid [by reaction with a strong base], revealed both Ka (the acid dissociation constant)  and the molar mass. We also used the graph to approximate the equivalence point. In the Determination of Molar Mass By Freezing Point Depression lab, we used graphical analysis techniques to accurately determine the freezing points of pure water and of the solution containing the organic unknown. We were able to determine the molar mass of the unknown and analyze the cooling curve for a pure liquid solvent. Finally, in the Spectrophotometric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant lab, I used my Beer’s Law plot to relate absorbance and concentration of several FeSCN2+ ion equilibrium mixtures. I then determined the equilibrium concentrations of Fe3+ and SCN– ions by graphical analysis and inference permitting the calculation of the equilibrium constant Kf. 

While these graphs aren’t anything fancy or complex [simple point representation on Cartesian coordinates] they get the point across, data is better when visualized! You can see them in a post below.

COVID-19 produced a significant amount of data from scientists around the world and it was exciting to explore it. However, when it came to my priorities, testing all the new visualizations wasn’t supposed to be ranking first or second place. So after those first few months of overdoing it with “the news” and fear-based media streams, rampant conspiracy theories, and bottomless noise, I chose to take a major step back and re-calibrate my perception of what was really happening and what was actually important from a scientific point of view.

In May, I received official word that I would be continuing my degree program at New Mexico Tech. There was so much uncertainty surrounding day to day life and it was nerve wracking to make a big change in the middle of a pandemic. I would be moving and leaving my “comfy” agency job. However, I am not one that is jailed by fear or submissive to comfort and I chose to push forward taking the proper precautions. 

In June, I reached the second stage in my COVID-19 awareness and started to implement my own knowledge of chemistry and biology to evaluate the science behind the virus. To fact check, essentially. I wanted to gain clarity for myself and my family. I was learning so much in Gen Chem II, I actually surprised myself by the connections I was making to the world outside of the lab. I had an ah-ha moment when I began to realize that understanding the world from a scientific perspective makes life even more majestic.  

What really intrigued me was organic synthesis in the organic chemistry module. What makes organic synthesis so attractive is its massive potential. Altering the molecular structure of a compound can “increase bioactivity and decrease toxicity.” Take ivermectin,  for example, a compound that was discovered making it possible to prevent blindness caused by a parasitic disease affecting millions in Africa. Complex synthesis of organic molecules were like a jigsaw puzzle, designing combinations of pieces and rebuilding the structures. Nature creates these molecules easily, yet scientists are faced with many difficulties when creating them. 

A COVID-19 vaccine was the breakthrough currently needed universally. As I parsed my chemistry book and did my own research into what a vaccine would actually require, I found the complications and variations fascinating. The virus was mutating which was making it hard for chemists to find the right “design” to treat the derived pathogens like SARS-CoV-2. One school of thought and proposed vaccination hypothesized that a vaccine would need to be applied to all coronaviruses and then rapidly and rationally modified for Covid-19. This theory was based on altering the molecular details of genome replication, transcription and translation. 

The modification of the pathogen could occur in several ways, another possible virus prevention would be to block the virus from entering the human cell. SARS-CoV-2 enters human cells by recognition of a surface receptor called the human acetyl choline esterase 2 (ACE2). “The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, so called because it is the protein that is responsible for the ‘spiky’ protrusions that are shown in artistic renditions of the virus, binds to ACE2 in the first step of entry into human cells,” (Professor Wilfred van der Donk). Further theorizing that if this entry can be stopped, virus infection will be prevented.

As I delved deeper into what pathogens were, and better understood chemistry at the molecular level, the treatment of viruses and diseases wasn’t as difficult to understand and I listened to the medical briefings closely.

By July, I began to realize how many Americans were in the opposite category. They had no factual basis or recognition of the science they were refuting in the now political COVID-19 fight. Science had become political and a choice. Inaccurate information was spreading like wildfire and the masses were deciding what to believe by cherry-picking what was the most convenient truth. I made a self commitment to be a vigilant part of the scientific community and to do my part to negate ignorance. 

I was in the home stretch of my Gen Chem II course and while I was excited to be almost done,  I couldn’t think of a more useful time than during a pandemic to level up my knowledge base in such a significant subject. In contrast, the stark reality of severe scientific negligence in our government and other governments around the world was daunting. In August, I entered into phase three of my COVID-19 reality [and larger scientific learning journey].

There continues to be an undeniable thread of scientific negligence around the globe that made headlines this year. Specifically in terms of high ranking government officials/ branches of the government that are not basing critical decisions on science or data. This has resulted in detrimental ramifications including the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives. The handling of the global epidemic COVID-19 in countries with government leaders that adhered to scientific data were much better off than the US. They were quick to respond, made drastic yet definitive decisions, and saw successful results in limiting the spread of the virus. 

Taiwan is a great example and ranked among the world’s best responses to COVID-19. Their vice president is an epidemiologist, there were medical officials who controlled public briefings, and aggressive measures were taken like mandatory contact tracing and GPS tracking. Other top ranking countries include South Korea, New Zealand, and Australia for implementing stringent and coordinated responses from science and health officials. Countries that have not deferred to science like the US have seen opposite results. High death tolls, financial crisis, economic downturn, and loss of trust in leadership. Of course, the actions of POTUS are the absolute worst case scenario in this example and a terrible representation of the scientific community at large. 

Another notable and preventable example of scientific negligence was the explosion in Beirut, Lebanon. Ammonium nitrate, the chemical compound that caused the massive explosion is behind some of the largest accidental explosions on record. Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3) is unstable at high temperatures and very dangerous when large amounts are present [due to its explosive properties]. 2,750 tons were stored in the port since 2014 when it was confiscated, and was speculated to be about 40% as powerful as TNT.  It seems absurd that government officials knowingly had a stockpile of explosives in a metropolis like Beirut [next to a fireworks warehouse]. And the results were very tragic indeed, basically flat lining an already war-torn region. With examples like these, it is clear that preventing the negligence of science in our governments is critical to our survival. 

Since the start of the global pandemic COVID-19,  my human experience has been indefinitely altered in a unique way. I progressed through three main phases of awareness beginning with minimization and ending as a member of the scientific community in confident defiance [of the government’s gross negligence and mishandling of science].  However, I have come to terms with the facts. We live in a risk society where handling fear and insecurity is an essential cultural qualification of modern day survival. 

 
Aug 1, 2020

New Mexico Tech Council: Women in Technology Scholarship A Year in Review

I was the 2019 winner of the NMTC Women in Technology Scholarship, here is a recap of my year.

 
Aug 05, 2020

Scientific Negligence in Government

There has been an undeniable thread of scientific negligence around the globe that made headlines this year. Specifically in terms of high-ranking government officials/ branches of the government that are not making decisions based on science or data resulting in detrimental ramifications. 

The lead example is the handling of the global epidemic COVID-19. Countries whose government leaders adhered to science were quick to respond, made drastic yet definitive decisions, and saw successful results in limiting the spread of the virus. 

Taiwan is a great example and ranked among the world’s best responses to COVID-19. Their vice president is an epidemiologist (the study and control of disease or injury patterns in human populations), there were medical officials who controlled public briefings, and aggressive measures were taken like mandatory contact tracing and GPS tracking. Other top-ranking countries include South Korea, New Zealand, and Australia for implementing stringent and coordinated responses from science and health officials. 

Countries that have not deferred to science have seen opposite results. High death tolls, financial crisis, economic downturn, loss of trust in leadership, and loss of control of the media. See article in Time for more. 

Another event that happened very recently was the explosion in the port of Beirut, Lebanon. Ammonium nitrate, the chemical compound that caused the massive explosion is behind some of the largest accidental explosions on record. Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3) is unstable at high temperatures and very dangerous when large amounts are present [due to its explosive properties]. 2,750 tons were stored in the port since 2014 when it was confiscated and was speculated to be about 40% as powerful as TNT.  

It seems absurd that government officials knowingly had a stockpile of explosives in a metropolis like Beirut. And the results were very tragic indeed, basically flat-lining an already war-torn place.

With examples like these, it is clear that preventing the negligence of science in our governments is critical to our survival.

 

Jul 29, 2020

Graphical Analysis and Data Analytics

How we represent data is important. It is critical that we are able to observe, analyze, and make conclusions from our data tables. Often times, the best way to do so is by a graphical representation. Visual reinforcement helps us understand the relationship of two objects in terms of two data sets, trends, patterns, and important data points like anomalies.

Graphical representation gives data more value. The father of visual analytics, Edward Tufte, brought data alive while teaching statistics at Princeton. The foundation of data visualization started simply with the fact that our brains can interpret more information faster when viewing a simple graph. A simple graph to the most complex and refined one, all offer high value both to the analyst, during their data science process, and to the end-user, to whom we are communicating a data-based story.

There is a significant amount of data in science and a lot of opportunities to represent it visually. In chem II lab, I was able to create several graphs based on the learning material. While these aren’t anything fancy or complex, simple point representation on cartesian coordinates, the point gets across. Data is better when visualized!

 

In the Determination of a Weak Acid’s Ionization Constant by Titrimetry lab, we needed to determine values from our graph that couldn’t be determined otherwise. Graphical analysis of the titration data for the neutralization of the weak acid, by reaction with a strong base, revealed both Ka and the molar mass, M. We also used the graph to approximate the equivalence point.

 

           

 

In the Determination of Molar Mass By Freezing Point Depression lab, we used graphical analysis techniques to accurately determine the freezing points of pure water and of the solution containing the organic unknown. We were able to determine the molar mass of the unknown and analyze the cooling curve for a pure liquid solvent.

 

          

 

In the Spectrophotometric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant lab, I used my Beer’s law plot to relate the absorbance and concentration of several FeSCN2+ ion equilibrium mixtures. I then determined the equilibrium concentrations of Fe3+ and SCN– ions by graphical analysis and inference permitting the calculation of the equilibrium constant Kf.

 


 

 

Jul 14, 2020

The magical molecular structure of H2O

I continue to be astounded by the mystical attributes of chemistry.  When studying something this scientific and complex, there are times that I can glaze over at some of the technical parts (the naming, the equations), but there are parts where I am in awe of the engineering of these tiny molecules. From a high level, I know that water has many unique physical and chemical properties due to its molecular structure. However, during the acid-base equilibria chapters, I discovered the very interesting fact that water, the critical-to-life compound, was also intelligent. Water is amphoteric meaning it can be categorized as both an acid or a base, it can donate or accept protons (electron pairs) from each other. Meaning water can react with itself and autoionize into hydronium H3O+ and hydroxide OH-. Water can dissociate into its H+ and OH-  ions but can also be split into its original atoms via electrolysis. 

Water is a spectacular solvent due to its polarity based on its arrangement of atoms Hydrogen and Oxygen atoms.  The solvent properties of water are vital in biology because many biochemical reactions take place only within aqueous solutions. When an ionic or polar compound enters the water, it is surrounded by water molecules. The relatively small size of water molecules typically allows many water molecules to surround one molecule of solute. The partially negative dipoles of the water are attracted to positively charged components of the solute, and vice versa for the positive dipoles. 

Water is found almost everywhere on earth and is required by all known life. About 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Water is known to exist, in ice form, on several other bodies in the solar system and beyond, and proof that it exists (or did exist) in liquid form anywhere besides Earth would be strong evidence of extraterrestrial life.

 

Jun 09, 2020

Carbon: An Intro to Organic Chemistry

The third week of Gen Chem II had an interesting jolt: we skipped to Chapter 20 and were introduced to O Chem. Organic Chemistry is similar to a phenomenon one hears about but has never experienced personally. So as I started reading, I realized how little I knew of the subject. 

So what makes organic chemistry “organic?”  Early chemists regarded substances isolated from organisms (plants and animals) as a type of matter that couldn’t be synthesized artificially and thus “organic compounds.” Well, that definition was later debunked, and in the modern-day, there actually isn’t a precise definition outside of the defining character trait: the presence of carbon (and hydrogen and other carbons).  

We’ve all heard of our “carbon footprint” but what does it really mean to live in a carbon-based world? The truth is, we know of no other kind of life. Carbon is the primary component of all known life on Earth and it would be impossible for life to exist without it. Oddly enough, carbon is also the smallest of all the atoms and has the ability to double bond with other atoms. The number of potential organic compounds is astronomical and most have not been synthesized yet. 

What makes organic synthesis so attractive is its massive potential. Altering the molecular structure of a compound can “increase bioactivity and decrease toxicity. Take ivermectin,  for example, a compound discovered by Nobel Prize-winning Japanese biochemist Satoshi Omura. Its discovery made it possible to prevent blindness caused by onchocerciasis, a parasitic disease affecting millions in Africa. Ivermectin was developed by hydrogenating avermectin, a product of microorganisms in soil samples.” Keisuke Suzuki, Tokyo Institute of Technology

The article quoted above features Professor Suzuki, who treats these complex syntheses like a jigsaw puzzle- designing combinations of pieces and rebuilding the structures. He mentions how easily nature creates these molecules, yet the difficulties scientists are faced with.

I would expect that the research on the total synthesis of natural organic compounds will continue to lead to scientific breakthroughs of what we think we know about our world. 

 

Mar 22, 2020

Digital Community Data Research: Connection via Opportunity 

Methodology: To closely research the online community Coffee + Creatives/ Albuquerque Facebook Group, I followed a few key steps. This is a group I have been a member of, so from an Observational point of view, I have been exposed to the high-level function of the community for three years. To dive deeper into the facts and figures, I set up a Coffee + Creatives Community Survey to gather data on the members. I also analyzed specific interaction styles of the members, noted trends in posts, and reported the data results from the survey.

I define member interaction and interaction style as likes, comments, posts, attendance, and use of resources.

Data Survey: The data gathered on this form was analyzed for informational and educational purposes not only to provide insight into the founders of the group but for this research paper. The main objective of my research is to examine the usefulness of the group and the specific interaction styles of the members. The questions in the survey also gathered basic demographic data.

After getting permission and support from the founders of C+C (for short), I posted the survey and hoped to get at least 10 responses. To get a sense of the conversational, friendly, and supportive tone between members of this group, here is the transcript of my experience:

I asked, “Hello! I am analyzing some basic data on the members of this group for a research paper. Things like demographics and interaction style.  It is very short and lightweight so if you have a few mins, please fill out this survey. All data will be transparent and my reporting will be accessible to all. There are no names or emails collected. Thanks in advance, see you around!”

My goal was exceeded by over 25 responses and positive interaction on the thread. Responses included,

“Cool! Will be interested to see what insights bubble up from this 😁” and “Cool, I filled out the questionnaire.”

The survey was broken into three parts:

  1. Demographic Data 
  2. Interaction Style
  3. Short answer

Introduction: Coffee + Creatives is a public Facebook group based in Albuquerque, NM. It is a robust and active community with about 3,000 members of musicians, journalists, artists, coders, designers, food & beverage entrepreneurs, and small business owners of all kinds. This group is not just digital! The community meets up IRL (in real life) twice a month. Members attend the meet up with “problems,” which are issues they want to resolve in their business. The description of the meet up is as follows:  “Learn from each other about managing money, finding markets and audiences for their businesses or creative work, and tackling the challenges that a range of creatives face.” A good example of a typical discussion is “how do I market myself to a wider digital audience?” or “what is the best way to track my company’s business expenses?” Members share experiences and offer advice in a think tank-like session. 

From the Coffee + Creatives Community Data Survey I conducted, 44% say they have indeed attended a meetup in-person.  

Logistics: Founded in 2016 by a few local creatives, the group was started to share information, experiences, resources, and funding opportunities for anyone developing a creative career. Thematically aligning members in a trustworthy, supportive network. Admins approve all posted content in the group with 7 moderators total. The community guidelines get updated each year to meet the demands of the group, be effective in problem-solving, and scaling the audience. It contains a brass tacks policy of “…be respectful, don’t be overly-promotional, don’t SHOUT at people, no name-calling (e.g. “you’re an idiot” “why are you so stupid”), no racist/sexist/abusive language, and make every possible effort to be honest about your bias or conflicts of interest.” The specific guidelines can be found on their website. Coffee + Creatives is qualified as a “Community Service” group on Facebook.

From the Coffee + Creatives survey, when I asked members, “What do you find most useful about this group?” The majority of the short answer responses can be categorized into “opportunities” and “community.” Answers like, “Diversity of knowledge in the industry,” “Genuine support,” and “Networking with like-minded people” speak to the social impact and value of the group on its members in positive ways like expertise, sharing, and connection. 

See the below table which lists the most reported words from the short answer responses. 

Word

Frequency

opportunities

5

community

4

creative

3

networking

3

art

2

creatives

2

minded

2

network

2

people

2

posts

2

Observation: There are three main threads in the community, and can be categorized into the following:

1. Weekly Events: Members can add an upcoming show/ event to the weekly calendar. A pinned post from the admins goes up every week and the comments contain links to other events pages and invites.

C+C opens these comments to “art openings to film premieres to meetups, theater to music, craft brewing, food, coding, and more. This is the spot to share events of any kind whether a member is producing, involved, or just excited to attend.”

Every week, you can find posts like, “Come join the party this Friday night, support the finishing of the giant mural, and have fun!” and, “I’m debuting new work at LaCumbre Thursday 6-9 pm!” (Both excerpts from week March 4-10, 2020).

The number of events posted varies each week, but on average, about 15 interactions occur on these threads.  From my survey, 46% of members say they have posted an event to this thread.  And a large majority of members have attended a posted event with 80% answering yes to my question, “Have you attended a weekly event that was posted?”. 

2. Opportunities/ Resources: Admin and members post gigs, jobs, career resources, funding, and grant opportunities. These are career-specific posts that are curated towards creatives of all types. 

Usually, posts consist of one opportunity/ one post ratio that contains a description of the post, and a link to the opportunity/ resource. For example, on March 6, 2020, a member posted a grant for documentary photographers. Admin and members take the lead to tag others (both group members and non-members) in the post comments if there is alignment on industry/interest/need. 

A key contributor to this group is the founder, Joe Cardillo who actively posts in this category. And recently, in January of 2020, Joe posted a “ jobs/gigs/client matchmaking” post that elicited a very high engagement from members with over 220 interactions. 

While this category is the biggest allure to this group, 84% reported that they are indeed employed. Even still, 68% say they have applied to an opportunity that was posted and 60% have posted an opportunity. Opportunities are both local and remote. 

3. Recommendations: Members will ask for various suggestions about all things in the creative industries. 

The requested recommendations vary by a large margin. Anywhere from “a tax professional who specializes in working with musicians/bands?” (15 interactions) or “clean, simple to use project management system?” (40 interactions) and “queer-friendly hairstylist?”  (80 interactions)

The local, community-driven tone is prevalent in this category. Members share their best of the city favorites and interact further by referring/tagging friends/colleagues in alignment with the request. Recommendations can be city-based, with Albuquerque being the most tracked area for local talent and businesses and Santa Fe coming in second. 

While only 36% of members say they have asked for a recommendation, a large majority of 80% say they have given one.

Final Analysis: The Coffee + Creatives Facebook Group is a vibrant community of creatives and those who support creative endeavors. Members are active engagers in the online community as well as the IRL meetups. The overall tone of this group is inclusive, supportive, and optimistic. 

For more demographic data on members not covered in this paper, see the Coffee + Creatives Community Data Survey.

Citation:

“Coffee + Creatives / Albuquerque.” Facebook Group, 2016 facebook.com/groups/coffeepluscreatives/

Minnich, Jennifer. ”Coffee + Creatives Community Data Survey.” Google Forms, 7 March, 2020 docs.google.com/forms/d/1TmhPmf1CcKk33iCaSFZzxE4s_4GZg2EL0RY33wKlAfQ/

Fitz, Gabriela. “Km & Social Change, No Such Thing As Neutral.” Medium, 5 March 2020 medium.com/@gabi_93902/km-social-change-no-such-thing-as-neutral-ccff06582d8d

 
Feb 09, 2020

Digital Literacy: Drowning in Deep Learning

I have been in front of a screen since I was ten years old. In middle school we used the original iMacs, you know… the cool, colorful ones. I remember how much it excited me to be in the computer lab, click-click clicking around the monitor. And typing. I wanted to get really fast with the best form. As a natural progression, in high school, I was in the Academy of Information Technology. The program was launched as an initiative to get students interested in pursuing technology careers. I was a part of the digital world, totally, absolutely. So, in 2017 when I attempted to write code as a grown-up (fast forward 15 years after high school), even with all this IT experience under my belt, I had no idea what I was doing. 

I was in an immersive (and expensive) coding boot camp. For ten weeks straight I experienced performance anxiety and insecurity due to pressure. During our code reviews, I felt fear. My hands shook when I plugged in the HDMI to the projector. It was hard to breathe when “driving” (which in this context means leading the code review from a computer which is projected onto larger monitors for others to follow along). Sounds thrilling, right? My intimidation grew even more because there was competition. Coupled with criticism. An intense cocktail that made me extremely self-conscious.

There is a popular term called Imposter Syndrome that floats around the industry. Basically, it is a personal reflection of skill level. It is the feeling that a lack of skill or expertise debilitates performance. Essentially, “I won’t perform well” is what I was telling myself. Imposter Syndrome can cause self-doubt surrounding new ideas or insecurity about thought patterns. It can lead people to avoid sharing their work, leading initiatives, or pursuing challenging tasks. 

In the code reviews, I was already feeling insecure about my ability to learn programming, and hearing my capstone partners ridicule me for making mistakes was defeating. The smallest error garnered attention. 

“Do you even know what you’re doing?” was the common tone of our meetings. And the reality was that no I didn’t. And neither did they. We bickered nonstop, constantly, incessantly. 

“You couldn’t even write the header correctly, Alex*” (He was only a character or two away from accuracy). 

“David*, don’t push anything live, you’re going to break it.” (He wouldn’t have broken it).

“Git revert those changes!” (Ok, so maybe that revert was necessary).

This went on for hours. Exhausting. 

As I experienced the Imposter Syndrome phenomenon, I felt fear in various ways. The fear of evaluation, the fear of failing, and the fear of not being as capable as others. I interacted with my classmates to gauge their level of duress in the bootcamp as some sort of comparison to my own comprehension. 

“Are you done with your personal website project?” (No, still working on it).

“Why are we using Angular and not Javascript for the front end?” (We should definitely use Javascript instead).

“I can’t override my template stylings no matter what I try!” (I am having the same type of issues).

I was not alone but I still felt ashamed. I felt the need to be special and to be the best but instead, I felt like giving up.  

Sometimes I just sat there in the lab. We were in a lecture. The instructor was rattling on about Trump’s election, his disdain for Trump, Trump memes, etc. I was staring at the projector. Attempting to look as if I was processing the jumbled characters on the projector. These blocks of code were allegedly the web language PHP. Were those dollar signs ($) in front of variables? I stared some more and nodded incoherently. 

The instructor’s anecdotes even confused me. Am I supposed to be typing this? I thought. 

He continued on with his rant: “…syntax…deployment…documentation…” Ugh. How am I ever going to get through the day?

I stared at my computer screen. My notes were open. I had a few lines typed. However, none of it made much sense in the grand scheme of how to build a website. How are these “functions” going to create a page on the browser? Ok, it’s 10:00 am. Coffee break, a relief. Maybe things will get better soon. 

After I graduated, I felt like I never wanted to go back to that computer lab. Too many bad memories! But in reality, I returned not even a year later as alumni. I talked about my personal experience with new students and I shared my story. I announced my successes following the completion of the boot camp. How I started my own company, got an internship at a local tech company, and received a job offer, the rest is history really… my awards, my scholarship, my re-enrollment to pursue a computer science degree, etc.  

Do I miss the boot camp? No way! But all those hard things had made me better at being myself. I was still fearful of my own ideas and overcome with anxiety when asked to deliver my opinions in team meetings. Happily, over time and with some conscious effort, that mostly disappeared.  

In my journey, Imposter Syndrome was the stage right before growth.

*names changed for privacy

 
Aug 10, 2019

Moving Forward, Utilization of Science and Empowering Others

It has happened: the end of the summer semester! While completing chem lecture, lab, and trig in a condensed timeline brought both stress and excitement I am thankful for the experience overall. One of the many takeaways for me is the great investment of time and effort into learning new material. We are what we do and that is the bottom line. 

That is the reason why moving forward, my goal is to utilize the material I’ve learned. Systematically, education is ironic because we learn all this groundbreaking information and then forget it a quarter later. Of course, some things aren’t applicable directly but the integration of science-minded thinking is my goal.

As in my last post, what excites me and drives me forward is the utilization of the sciences in a modern and educational function. Don’t we all hope that the knowledge we possess can be applied to the greater good and momentum of progress?

Here are some fantastic examples of how we can teach and learn from each other as “citizen scientists.” These projects are global (and funded by the big guys) but are nonetheless amazing and impactful and use science to empower others.

Eterna Empowering citizen scientists to invent medicine

Folding at Home Folding proteins for disease research

 

Aug 5, 2019

Molecular Geometry and Bonding in 2d and 3d space, AR for Education

The last few chapters of material we covered on Lewis Dot Structures, VSEPR theory (molecular shapes), and Valence Bond Theory (hybridization of orbitals) have been tangible. I am making connections to larger concepts either previously discussed or relating the new information to real-world applications.  I have enjoyed drawing the molecule structures and figuring out bond angles and shapes. To reinforce my findings in the last post, I definitely appreciate the visualizations of the VSEPR structures in 3d space.

I often think about how I can use the material I am learning this semester and create an immersive experience around it. As a creative technologist, I strive to make the mundane more immersive, visually appealing, efficient, appealing, and effective through the use of advanced technologies like augmented and virtual realities. I have come up with many ideas for innovative experiences in the education landscape since returning as a student. The potential is endless and I have seen the gaps where there is so much space for innovating new and more engaging ways to learn. For this particular application, I like to think in terms of a responsibility to the future, to attempt to bridge the gap between our growing technology addiction and the nationwide underperformance of children in schools. 

A good example of this concept is to take the molecular geometry lecture and make it come to life. When we were introduced to the molecular shapes in VSEPR Theory, we were given a set of plastic balls and sticks and were able to build small models of the molecules with their different number of electron groups and formations around the central atom.  We tried to visualize these shapes in 3d space with a variety of bond angles and multiple geometric configurations. But imagine learning this material in AR.

What exactly is AR?  Augmented Reality is the illusion that virtual content is part of the real world. Generally, the AR experience uses a device’s camera giving the user a new way to see and interact with the world around them.

The electrons spinning on their axis, moving around, in colors, showing the overlapping bonds, displaying the 2d Lewis Dot structure then morphing into 3d VSEPR structures. These visuals would without a doubt make the content more engaging and easier triggers to absorb and recall for students. 

In the same way, I think about the graphing calculator application we use in advanced math, too (desmos an amazing tool for graphing functions).  I was recently graphing circles, limacons, roses, sine waves, inverse cosine waves, etc. I’m sure you could guess where my mind was going as I worked through these 2d graphs. I imagined these coordinates in the 3d space, virtually shifting and manipulating right in front of me. I envision the integration of technology into educational institutions in a range of intensity, from having AR markers in a textbook or on a chalkboard to VR pods where students can take in a lesson in virtual reality. 

 

July 20, 2019

Data Viz, 3d Models, and Quantum Mechanics

The material we have covered under the quantum mechanics umbrella has been my favorite topic by far. There are a handful of reasons why I am excited about this chapter but the three standouts I want to discuss are: Schrodinger’s model, the 3d models of orbitals, and the atomic spectra lab.

The Schrodinger’s Model: I am going to age myself on this one but when I took chem in high school a million years ago, my basic understanding of the atomic model was absolutely from Bohr (the electrons orbit the nucleus like the planets orbit around the sun).  So I was entertained and ashamed to learn I had (for all these years) survived without the correct knowledge of the electron placement within the atom. Schrodinger’s model is the modern atomic model. The electrons live in a three-dimensional space called orbitals. Orbitals change shape based on the second quantum number,  and there are four different orbital shapes.

Unsure who shares my enthusiasm here, why do I enjoy 3d models of orbitals so much? It is a very relatable concept for me as a designer. There are rotations, manipulations of size, variations of intersecting points, and all the things that make me happy as a visual human.  Data visualization is a heavy hitter in many industries. As designers and scientists, we are finding innovative ways to approach big data and make it seem more digestible. Data viz is an effective way to share statistics and analyze results. But even more exciting than that is when data is modeled in the 3d environment. Imagine these models in virtual reality…next quarter I’ll be working on a VR data viz project and these models just might make an appearance.

Back in the real world: the lab has become my favorite part of chem. I appreciate the combination of working with my hands and applying the concepts that seem arbitrary in lectures.  The atomic spectra lab was my favorite so far. It reinforced the quantum mechanics concepts and formulas all while I got to observe and test color, light, and fire. “Good times” as Sorensen would say. I was intrigued by the first part of the lab where I observed the various gases in tubes through the spectroscope and recorded each element’s “atomic fingerprint” as a colorful spectrum. The second part of the lab was right up my alley! I took wood splints soaked in metal solution (with chloride) and held them over a flame to observe and record the flame color. Orange, blue, red, fuchsia, neon flames. These tests were both good applications of measuring the change of energy when an electron moves up and down levels.

 
June 6, 2019

Back to School: Math and Sciencing

#SummerBummer2019

It has been four weeks since I decided to walk back into the doors of an academic institution. By way of an endless stream of fortunate (yes, “fortunate”) events, I landed myself behind the desks and lab chairs of some pretty difficult STEM classes for Summer Session 2019. Or what I term on social media as #summerbummer2019 as a reminder to all my friends that whilst they are exploring some cosmopolitan city or laying out at some exotic beach, I am in the tutoring center for my math and science classes.

It is June 2019 and I am back in school pursuing my computer science degree.

Maybe I just wasn’t expecting it to be this way.

Math. Math and Science. Math that solves scientific problems. I must’ve forgotten all the math that was involved with chemistry, like the unit analysis and all those greek symbols.  Pretty much everything in general chemistry, from the atomic-molecular structure to chemical compounds, bonds, reactions, formulas, mole ratios, and stoichiometry have a math-based formula to solve. I am getting back in the math game slowly. I am in tutoring for everything. Bless Melissa the physics god who holds my hand as I struggle through material week after week. Chapter one was pretty much theory-based, conceptual, easy. Chapter two brought us into the periodic table, where I found myself spending a lot of time reacquainting myself with the elements.  And of course, it got more complex: compounds, metals, ions, mass, and moles. Conversion factors and scientific notation for really tiny atoms (we’re talking Avagadros here), percent compositions, and the copper lab where I experienced the casualty of spilling the powder product :)… I finally make it to chapter three and it brings me to a crawl and after lines and lines of conversions, balancing, and solving reactions I am thinking I need more practice for this exam that is right around the corner!

 
March 1, 2019

New Mexico Tech Council: Women in Technology Scholarship

I was the 2019 winner of the NMTC Women in Technology Scholarship.